B.C. Equine Disease Surveillance & Report
To communicate the status of reportable and notifiable equine diseases in B.C. To also communicate the status of equine non-reportable and non-notifiable diseases at the discretion of equine veterinarians. This information is intended for veterinarians, horse owners and other stakeholders in the provincial equine industry.
How the surveillance program works
The program is a cooperative information sharing partnership between the B.C. government’s Animal Health Centre and veterinarians practicing in B.C. Verified diagnostic information regarding the occurrence of reportable, notifiable and non-reportable/notifiable diseases will be posted below in the B.C. Equine Disease Report.
Diseases to be communicated in the report:
Non-reportable and Non-notifiable Diseases: To post a diagnosis of a non-reportable, non-notifiable disease on this site, the veterinarian will contact the page manager at 1-800-661-9903 with the clinical and diagnostic information for the case. The manager will upload the case to the Equine Disease Report and will follow the case with the veterinarian to resolution. Updates to the case will be added to the Equine Disease Report as warranted.
Reportable and Notifiable Diseases: These diseases prescribed under the Animal Health Act are mandatory to report to the Chief Veterinary Officer of B.C. upon diagnosis. After a reportable or notifiable disease is reported, the Chief Veterinary Officer will inform the page manager of the diagnosis for posting in the disease report on the web page. BC EQUINE DISEASE SURVEILLANCE
For information on Federally Reportable Diseases and updates go to the Canadian Food Inspection Agency site
The Equine Disease Communication Center (EDCC) works to protect horses and the horse industry from the threat of infectious diseases in North America. The American based communication system is designed to seek and report real time information about disease outbreaks similar to how the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) alerts the human population about diseases in people.
The goal of the EDCC is to alert the horse industry about disease outbreak information to help mitigate and prevent the spread of disease. Ultimately frequent and accurate information about diseases outbreaks improves horse welfare and helps to prevent negative economic impact that can result from decreased horse use due to a fear of spreading infection. As part of the National Equine Health Plan the EDCC will serve as part of the communication to help educate and promote research about endemic and foreign disease.
Working in cooperation with state animal health officials and the United State Department of Agriculture, the EDCC seeks information about current disease outbreaks from news media, social media, official state reports and veterinary practitioners. Once information is confirmed, it is immediately posted on this website and messages sent to all states and horse organizations by email. Daily updates are posted until each outbreak is contained or deemed no longer a threat.
Your horses’ health starts on the farm with bio-security.
Biosecurity Brochure Biosecurity Poster
Biosecurity: Measures that prevent the introduction and spread of contagious diseases.
Biosecurity planning helps to ensure that practices routinely carried out on your farm are beneficial to your horses health.By adopting the guidelines below and working with a veterinarian you can play a significant role in keeping your horses and your industry as healthy as possible.
Control movements of people, animals, equipment and vehicles;
- Into a designated zone,
- Out of a designated zone, and
- Between the designated zones.
This can be done through the use of controlled access points.
INTRODUCING NEW HORSES
Plan animal introductions, and structure their movement within the premises and their removal from the premises.This includes using management strategies such as:
- Permanently identifying all animals and keeping records for traceability,
- Testing animals before introduction,
- Following post arrival isolation procedures,
Practice animal identification and good record keeping. It is important to participate in traceability systems where available.
OBSERVE YOUR HORSES FOR SIGNS OF DISEASE
- Ensure workers are knowledgeable and experienced in recognizing signs of disease. They should be able to do this by observing horses, behaviour, clinical signs, and feed and water consumption.
- Regular observation of your horses habits will make you more aware if you horse starts showing signs of being ‘off’ or unwell.
ESTABLISH RESPONSE PLANS FOR POTENTIAL DISEASE SITUATIONS
- Contact a veterinarian if you see symptoms of illness
- Work with your veterinarian to have a “disease response plan” in place for suspected cases of contagious or reportable diseases.
A disease response plan should include:
- Triggers for the response plan (for example, numerous horses showing signs of disease, a lack of response to routine treatments),
- Details of whom to contact,
- Plans for limiting movements of animals, people or vehicles on or off the premises, and
- Other measures determined by you and your veterinarian.
OTHER MEASURES FOR BIOSECURITY
- Plan and control manure management according to municipal and provincial regulations. Planning should include measures for collecting, storing, moving, and disposing of manure in ways that minimize the chance of spreading any disease organisms.
- Keep the premises, buildings, equipment and vehicles clean;
- Buildings, equipment and vehicles should be cleaned regularly to prevent the introduction of disease and pests. Consider applying disinfectants when practical.
- Maintain facilities in good repair;
- Keeping your building in good repair makes it easier to ensure that your bio-security plan can be effectively implemented.
- This may include:
- Buildings and fences to prevent wildlife and people from entering the premises,
- Clean and secure feed storage areas to prevent access by wildlife, vermin, (and horses)!
- Proper drainage to avoid ‘standing and stagnant water
- Purchase quality feed and bedding from reliable sources.
- Ensure the water supply is free of contamination and readily available for your horses.
- Ensure a pest management program is in place to prevent the spread of disease.